landfill photo george

A landfill is a large outdoor site specifically designed for the disposal of waste. Not all landfills are the same. Different kinds of landfills accept different kinds of waste including:

  • Industrial waste
  • Hazardous waste
  • Construction and demolition debris
  • Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), commonly defined as household trash or garbage.

When you think of a landfill, you probably are thinking of the landfill that accepts your household trash or garbage. In Georgia, that’s known as a Class 3 landfill. Georgians generate about 4.2 million tons of this type of trash/garbage in a typical year. Of that amount, 70.5 percent (about 3 million tons) was disposed of in the state’s Class 3 landfills. The remainder – 29.5 percent (1,229,100 tons) – of the state’s MSW was recycled.

Why do we need any landfills?

Waste reduction, reuse and recycling divert large parts of our waste from landfills, but not all of it. That waste must be managed safely to protect human health and the environment.

CountyFacility NameFacility TypeDominion
ApplingAppling Co - Roaring Creek PH 1&2 -SL-Construction and DemolitionPublic
AtkinsonAtkinson Co - SR 50 MSWLMunicipal Solid WastePublic
BaldwinBaldwin Co - Union Hill Ch Rd, Ph 3 -MSWL-Municipal Solid WastePublic
BanksR&B LandfillMunicipal Solid WastePrivate Commercial
BarrowRepublic Waste - Oak Grove SR 324Municipal Solid WastePrivate Commercial
BartowBartow Co - SR 294 Emerson MSWL PH 2&3Municipal Solid WastePublic
Ben HillFitzgerald, Kiochee Church Rd, Ph.2Municipal Solid WastePublic
BibbMacon - Walker Rd Ph 2 -SL-Unlined SanitaryPublic
BurkeBurke Co - Clarke Rd -SL-Construction and DemolitionPublic
ButtsRepublic Services - Pine Ridge Recycling -MSWL-Municipal Solid WastePrivate Commercial
CamdenCamden Co-SR110 MSWLMunicipal Solid WastePublic
CamdenCamden Co - S.R. 110 C/D/I Waste LandfillConstruction and DemolitionPublic
CandlerCandler Co-SR 121 Phase 2 MSWLMunicipal Solid WastePublic
CharltonChesser Island Road Landfill, Inc. MSWLMunicipal Solid WastePrivate Commercial
ChathamSavannah-Dean Forest Rd -SL-Municipal Solid WastePublic
ChathamSuperior Landfill & Recycling Center - Site No.2 MSWLMunicipal Solid WastePrivate Commercial
ChathamRepublic Services - Savannah Regional Industrial Landfill, IncIndustrialCommercial Industrial
CherokeePine Bluff LandfillMunicipal Solid WastePrivate Commercial
CherokeeCherokee Co-Swims-SR 92 Ph 5Construction and DemolitionPrivate Commercial
CherokeeWaste Pro of GA, Inc d/b/a Cherokee C&D LandfillConstruction and DemolitionPrivate Commercial
ClarkeClarke Co - Athens Dunlap Rd -SL- Ph 2,3,& 4Municipal Solid WastePublic
ClaytonClayton Co-SR 3 Lovejoy Site # 3Municipal Solid WastePublic
ClaytonStephens MDS, LP, C&D LandfillConstruction and DemolitionPrivate Commercial
ColumbiaColumbia Co-Sample & Son -C&D-Construction and DemolitionPrivate Commercial
CookCook Co. - Taylor Rd, Site 2 -MSWL-Municipal Solid WastePublic
CookCook Co. - C.R. 216 Construction/Demolition LandfillConstruction and DemolitionPublic
CowetaCoweta Co. - Ishman Ballard Rd C/D LandfillConstruction and DemolitionPublic
CrispCrisp Co-US 41S Site 2 -Ph 4&5- MSWLMunicipal Solid WastePublic
DecaturDecatur Co - US Hwy 27 MSW LandfillMunicipal Solid WastePublic
DeKalbDeKalb Co-Seminole Rd Ph 2 -SL-Construction and DemolitionPublic
DeKalbRogers Lake Road C&D LandfillConstruction and DemolitionPrivate Commercial
DeKalbDeKalb Co-Seminole Rd Ph 2A,3&4 -SL-Municipal Solid WastePublic
DoughertyDougherty Co-Fleming/Gaissert Rd -SL-Municipal Solid WastePublic
DoughertyMaple Hill Landfill, Inc.Construction and DemolitionPrivate Commercial
DouglasDouglas Co-Cedar Mt/Worthan Rd Ph 1 -SL-Construction and DemolitionPublic
EvansEvans Co - Little Bull Creek C/D LandfillConstruction and DemolitionPublic
FloydRome Walker Mtn Rd, Site 2Municipal Solid WastePublic
FloydFloyd Co - Rome Walker Mtn Rd C/D LandfillConstruction and DemolitionPublic
ForsythEagle Point LandfillMunicipal Solid WastePrivate Commercial
ForsythGreenleaf Recycling, LLCConstruction and DemolitionPrivate Commercial
FultonChadwick Rd Landfill, Inc.Construction and DemolitionPrivate Commercial
FultonSafeguard Landfill Management C & DConstruction and DemolitionPrivate Commercial
FultonWillow Oak C&D LandfillConstruction and DemolitionPrivate Commercial
GordonGordon Co - Redbone Ridges Rd -SL-Municipal Solid WastePublic
GradyCairo - 6TH Ave -SL-Unlined SanitaryPublic
GwinnettBFI - Richland Creek Road MSWLMunicipal Solid WastePrivate Commercial
HabershamHabersham Co - SR13 MSWLMunicipal Solid WastePublic
HallReliable Tire Services, Monroe Dr.Construction and DemolitionPrivate Commercial
HallHall Co - Candler Rd -SR 60-Municipal Solid WastePublic
HallGainesville Waste and Recycling -GWAR-Construction and DemolitionPrivate Commercial
HaralsonHaralson Co - HCSWA US 78Construction and DemolitionPublic
HoustonHouston Co - SR 247 Klondike MSWLMunicipal Solid WastePublic
HoustonHouston Co - SR247 Klondike C/D LandfillConstruction and DemolitionPublic
JasperJasper Co - SR 212 C/D/I LandfillConstruction and DemolitionPublic
JeffersonJefferson Co - CR 138 MSWLMunicipal Solid WastePublic
JenkinsJenkins Co-CR54 Phase 2 MSWL & C&D SiteConstruction and DemolitionPublic
LamarLamar Co - Cedar Grove Regional MSWLMunicipal Solid WastePublic
LaurensLaurens Co - Old Macon Road MSWLMunicipal Solid WastePublic
LibertyUS Army - Ft Stewart Main Cantonment -SL-Unlined SanitaryPublic
LibertyUS Army-Ft Stewart Main Cantonment -L-Construction and DemolitionPublic
LowndesAdvanced Disposal Services Evergreen Landfill, IncMunicipal Solid WastePrivate Commercial
MaconMacon Co. - Middle Ga SWMA Regional MSWLConstruction and DemolitionPublic
McIntoshMcIntosh Co - King Rd -SL-Unlined SanitaryPublic
MeriwetherGreenbow, LLC Turkey Run MSW LandfillMunicipal Solid WastePrivate Commercial
MonroeMonroe Co - Strickland Loop RdMunicipal Solid WastePublic
MurrayMurray Co. - US 411 Westside Site 2 MSWLMunicipal Solid WastePublic
MuscogeeColumbus, Pine Grove MSWLMunicipal Solid WastePublic
NewtonNewton County - Lower River Rd HE & VEMunicipal Solid WastePublic
OglethorpeOglethorpe Co - US 78 Ph 2 C/D LandfillConstruction and DemolitionPublic
PauldingPaulding Co - Gulledge Rd N Tract 1 -SL-Construction and DemolitionPublic
PickensWhitestone Valley C&D LandfillConstruction and DemolitionPrivate Commercial
PolkPolk Co - Grady Rd -SL-Municipal Solid WastePublic
RabunRabun Co - Boggs Mountain Rd C/D LandfillConstruction and DemolitionPublic
RichmondUS Army - Ft Gordon Gibson Rd Ph 1-3 -SL-Construction and DemolitionPublic
RichmondRichmond Co - Deans Bridge Rd Ph 2C -SL-Municipal Solid WastePublic
RichmondRichmond Co - Deans Bridge Rd Ph III MSWLMunicipal Solid WastePublic
SpaldingSpalding Co -Griffin Shoal Creek Rd Ph 3 C/D LandfillConstruction and DemolitionPublic
TaylorWI Taylor County Disposal, LLCMunicipal Solid WastePrivate Commercial
TelfairTelfair Co - CR 144 MSWLMunicipal Solid WastePublic
ThomasThomas Co - Thomasville/Sunset Dr Ph 3 C/D LandfillConstruction and DemolitionPublic
ThomasThomasville/Sunset Dr Phases IV & V MSWLMunicipal Solid WastePublic
TiftTifton-Omega/Eldorado Rd PH 3 -SL-Municipal Solid WastePublic
ToombsToombs Co-S1898, Phase 3 -MSWL-Municipal Solid WastePublic
ToombsToombs Co - S1898 Construction/Demolition LandfillConstruction and DemolitionPublic
TroupLaGrange-I 85/SR 109 -SL-Municipal Solid WastePublic
TroupTroup Co - SR 109 Mountville Ph 2 -SL-Construction and DemolitionPublic
TwiggsWolf Creek Landfill, LLCMunicipal Solid WastePrivate Commercial
WalkerLaFayette-Coffman Springs Rd -L-Construction and DemolitionPublic
WalkerWalker Co - Marble Top RD Site 2 MSWLConstruction and DemolitionPublic
WaltonRepublic - US 78 C/D LandfillConstruction and DemolitionPrivate Commercial
WaltonWalton Construction & Demolition LandfillConstruction and DemolitionPrivate Commercial
WaltonCaruthers Mill C&D LandfillConstruction and DemolitionPrivate Commercial
WashingtonWashington Co-Kaolin Rd S #3 -SL-Municipal Solid WastePublic
WayneRepublic Services - Broadhurst EnvironmentalMunicipal Solid WastePrivate Commercial
WhitfieldWhitfield Co - Dalton, Old Dixie Hwy, Ph 6Municipal Solid WastePublic
WhitfieldWhitfield Co - DWRSWA Old Dixie Hwy Baled CarpetIndustrialPublic

What is MSW?

Different states have different definitions, but MSW is commonly defined as household trash or garbage. This includes paper, cans, bottles and food scraps. Class 3 landfills are designed to accept these types of waste – much of which should be recycled – along with other specific kinds of waste. In Georgia, Class 3 landfills cannot accept hazardous waste, lead-acid (car and truck) batteries, yard trimmings, tires (whole), used motor oil and large appliances.

How is MSW managed in Georgia?

Waste is properly managed two ways. We recycle it or dispose of it in a Class 3 landfill.

How much garbage is disposed of in Class 3 landfills?

Americans generated about 250 million tons of MSW in 2010 (the latest numbers available) according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Of that amount, 54 percent or 136 million tons was disposed of in landfills. The rest was recycled or composted (34 percent or 85 million tons) or incinerated (12 percent or about 29 million tons).

How much does it cost to dispose of waste at a Class 3 landfill?

Landfill operators charge a fee on a per ton basis. The fee is called a tipping fee and is charged to the waste hauler who empties or “tips” garbage out of the truck. The average tipping fee in Georgia was $38 per ton according to the “G.A. Solid Waste Management Annual Report for FY12.”

How do we pay for waste management?

It depends. Many people pay for waste management – including recycling services – through their property taxes. Other residents pay their fees through monthly or annual fees billed by their local government. Some have to pay waste haulers directly. Still, others take their garbage and recyclables to drop-off centers that are, of course, funded by local governments through taxes or fees.

How many Class 3 landfills are there?

Nationwide, the number of active landfills has shrunk from nearly 8,000 in 1988 to 1,908 in 2010 according to the EPA. In Georgia, there were 23 permitted Class 3 landfills operating in FY12.

Who owns Class 3 landfills?

Nationally, about two-thirds are owned by local governments while about one-third are privately owned. In Georgia, local governments own 9 while another 14 are privately owned.

What laws or regulations must be followed at Class 3 landfills?

Class 3 landfills are well-engineered facilities that must meet strict EPA and G.A. Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC) regulations on their location, design, operation, and closing. In Georgia, all Class 3 landfills must be approved (receive a permit) by DHEC. In addition, local zoning and land-use ordinances may limit Class 3 landfill site selection.

Why do Class 3 landfills have liners?

Liners in Class 3 landfills are designed and placed to stop the potential pollution of groundwater. Hazardous household materials such as cleaners and pesticides and other waste could contaminate groundwater if the liners were not in place.

Do Class 3 landfills smell?

Federal and state regulations require MSW to be covered daily with soil or another type of cover to control or reduce odor. Landfill operators also can control or reduce odors by only disposing of waste in a small working face (area).

Who picks landfill locations?

If it is a public landfill, a local government will select a potential site. If it is a private company, it will select a potential site and approach the local government. In both cases, residents will have a chance to comment at public meetings. Once a potential site is selected, the local government or private company will apply to DHEC for a permit. There are numerous local, state and federal requirements that must be met to be given a permit including meeting all local zoning requirements, being consistent with the county solid waste management plan and meeting a demonstration of need criteria. Local zoning and land-use ordinances may limit Class 3 landfill site selection. Any landfill, including Class 3 landfills, are difficult to locate simply because the public frequently opposes new construction. People remember the poor practices of the past and are concerned about their health and environment as well as property values, noise, odor and traffic if a landfill is being considered in their community.

What happens when Class 3 landfills close?

First, before a Class 3 landfill is approved (given a permit from DHEC), a landfill owner is required to have funding to not only properly close but also to monitor and fix any environmental problems that could occur. When a Class 3 landfill is closed, it is capped with a layer of clay, a plastic liner and a layer of soil (bottom to top of the cap). The cap is seeded to grow grass. The Class 3 landfill will be monitored for 30 years.

Photo by cogdogblog Photo by cogdogblog

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